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2017年12月2日雅思考试阅读考题回顾

发布时间:2017-12-05 14:18:42 来源:常州朗阁培训中心 编辑:朗阁小编
常州朗阁外语培训中心 朱思悦 Julie考试日期:2017年12月2日整体说明本次考试的阅读部分共三篇文章,2篇旧题,1篇新题。第一篇介绍了wall...

常州朗阁外语培训中心  朱思悦  Julie

 

考试日期:

2017122

整体说明

本次考试的阅读部分共三篇文章,2篇旧题,1篇新题。第一篇介绍了wallpaper--墙纸;第二篇讲了可再生资源。第三篇讲了电视互动的发展。本次考试判断题和匹配题出现较多,还有选段落标题,难度中等偏上。

 

 

 

Reading Passage 1

Title:

墙纸

Question types:

判断题7

填空题6

    

文章内容回顾

 

 

 

 

文章大意:背景墙纸在建筑中的作用,介绍墙纸的最初使用和生产情况,并进一步描述墙纸的技术进步和应用。

题型难度及技巧分析

此题为新题,判断题注意看清是True,False还是Yes,No,并且判断题是具有顺序性的。

 

Reading Passage 2

Title:

renewable energy

Question types:

段落信息配对6

判断题7       

文章内容回顾

 

Renewable energy

An insight into the progress in renewable energy research

A

The race is on for the ultimate goal of renewable energy: electricity production at prices that are competitive with coal-fired power stations, but without coal’s pollution. Some new technologies are aiming to be the first to push coal from its position as Australia’s chief source of electricity.

 

B

At the moment the front-runner in renewable energy is wind technology. According to Peter Bergin of Australian Hydro, one of Australia’s leading wind energy companies, there have been no dramatic changes in windmill design for many years, but the cumulative effects of numerous small improvements have had a major impact on cost. 4 We’re reaping the benefits of 30 years of research in Europe, without having to make the same mistakes that they did,’ Mr. Bergin says.

 

C

Electricity can be produced from coal at around 4 cents per kilowatt-hour, but only if the environmental costs are ignored. ‘Australia has the second cheapest electricity in the world, and this makes it difficult for renewable to compete,’ says Richard Hunter of the Australian Ecogeneration Association (AEA). Nevertheless, the AEA reports: The production cost of a kilowatt-hour of wind power is one fifth of what it was 20 years ago,’ or around 7 cents per kilowatt-hour.

 

D

Australian Hydro has dozens of wind monitoring stations across Australia as pari of its aim to become Australia’s pre-eminent renewable energy company. Despite all these developments, wind power remains one of the few forms of alternative energy where Australia is nowhere near the global cutting edge, mostly just replicating European designs.

 

E

While wind may currently lead the way, some consider a number of technologies under development have more potential. In several cases, Australia is at the forefront of global research in the area. Some of them are very site-specific, ensuring that they may never become dominant market players. On the other hand, these newer developments are capable of providing more reliable power, avoiding the major criticism of windmills – the need for back-up on a calm day.

 

F

One such development uses hot, dry rocks. Deep beneath South Australia, radiation from elements contained in granite heats the rocks. Layers of insulating sedimentation raise the temperatures in some location to 250° centigrade. An Australian firm, Geoenergy, is proposing to pump water 3.5 kilometres into the earth, where it will travel through tiny fissures in the granite, heating up as it goes, until it escapes as steam through another drilled hole.

 

C

No greenhouse gases are produced, but the system needs some additional features if it is to be environmentally friendly. Dr Prue Chopra, a geophysicist at the Australian National University and one of the founders of Geoenergy, note that the steam will bring with it radon gas, along through a heat exchanger and then sent back underground for another cycle. Technically speaking, hot dry rocks are not a renewable source of energy. However, the Australian source is so large it could supply the entire country’s needs for thousands of years at current rates of consumption.

 

H

Two other proposals for very different ways to harness sun and wind energy have surfaced recently. Progress continues with Australian company EnviroPower’s plans for Australia’s first solar chimney near Mildura, in Victoria. Under this scheme, a tall tower will draw hot air from a greenhouse built to cover the surrounding 5 km2. As the air rises, it will drive a turbine* to produce electricity. The solar tower combines three very old technologies – the chimney, the turbine and the greenhouse – to produce something quite new. It is this reliance on proven engineering principles that led Enviropower’s CEO, Richard Davies, to state: There is no doubt this technology will work, none at all.’

 

I

This year, Enviropower recognized that the quality of sunlight in the Mildura district will require a substantially larger collecting area than was previously thought. However, spokesperson kay Firth says that a new location closer to Mildura will enable Enviropower to balance the increased costs with extra revenue. Besides saving in transmission costs, the new site ‘will mean increased revenue from tourism and use of power for telecommunications. We’ll also be able to use the outer 500 metres for agribusiness.’ Wind speeds closer to the tower will be too high for farming.

 

J

Another Australian company, Wavetech, is achieving success with ways of harvesting the energy in waves. Wavetech’s invention uses a curved surface to push waves into a chamber, where the flowing water column pushes air back and forth through a turbine. Wavetech was created when Dr. Tim Devine offered the idea to the world leader in wave generator manufacturers, who rather surprisingly rejected it. Dr. Devine responded by establishing Wavetech, and making a number of other improvements to generator design. Wavetech claims that, at appropriate sites, ‘ the cost of electricity produced with our technology should be below 4 cents per kilowatt-hour.

 

K

The diversity of forms of greenhouse -friendly energy under development in Australia is remarkable. However, support on a national level is disappointing. According to Richard Hunter of the AEA, ‘Australia has huge potential for wind, sun and wave technology. We should really be at the forefront, but the reality is we are a long way behind.

 

参考答案

F

T

NG

T

F

T

F

B

D

A

C

B

C

(答案仅供参考)

题型难度及技巧分析

本篇文章中包含Matching Information题型,先大致浏览题目,注意每一段的首句尾句,判断其大致位置,再仔细阅读该段的内容,注意同意替换的积累。判断题内NotGiven这个选项的含义要弄清楚。

 

 

 

Reading Passage 3

Title:

Texting the television

Question types:

LOH 5

匹配5

选择3

文章内容回顾

 

 

Texting! the television 2

A  

THERE was a   time when any self-respecting television show, particularly one aimed at a   young audience, had to have an e-mail address. But on Europe's TV screens,   such addresses are increasingly being pushed aside in favour of telephone   numbers to which viewers can send text messages from their mobile phones. And   no wonder: according to research about to be published by Gartner, a   consultancy, text messaging has recently overtaken Internet use in Europe.   One of the fastest-growing uses of text messaging, moreover, is interacting   with television. Gartner’s figures   show that 20% of   teenagers in France, 11 % in   Britain and 9% in   Germany have sent messages in response to TV shows.

  

B

This has much   to do with the boom in “reality TV”   shows, such as “Big Brother”,   in which viewers’ voles decide   the outcome. Most reality shows now allow text-message voting, and in some   cases, such as the most recent series of “Big   Brother” in Norway,   the majority of votes are cast in this way. But there is more to TV-texting   than voting. News shows encourage viewers to send in comments; games shows   allow viewers to compete; music shows take requests by text message; and   broadcasters operate on-screen chartrooms. People tend to have their mobiles   with them on the sofa, so “it’s   a very natural form of interaction,”   says Adam Daum of Gartner.

  

C  

It can also   be very lucrative, since mobile operators charge premium rates for messages   to particular numbers. The most recent British series of “Big   Brother”, for   example, generated 5.4m text-message votes and £1.35m   (S2. lm) in revenue. According to a report from Van Dusseldorp &   Partners, a consultancy based in Amsterdam, the German edition of MTV's “Videoclash”,which   invites viewers to vote for one of two rival videos, generates up to 40,000   messages an hour, each costing curo0.30 ($0.29). A text contest alongside the   Belgian quiz show “1 Against 100” (以一敌百)attracted   110.000 players in a month, each of whom paid euro 0.50 per question in an   eight-round contest. In Spain, a cryptic-crossword (神秘的猜字游戏) clue   is displayed   before the evening news broadcast; viewers are invited to text in their   answers at a cost of euro 1, for a chance to win a curo300 prize. On a typical   day, 6,000 people take part. TV-related text messaging now accounts for an   appreciable share of mobile operators' data revenues. In July, a British   operator, mmO2, reported better-than-expected financial results, thanks to   the flood of messages caused by “Big   Brother”. Operators   typically lake 40-50% of the revenue from each message, with the rest divided   between the broadcaster, the programme maker and the firm providing the   message-processing system. Text-message revenues are already a vital element of the business model for many shows. Inevitably, there is grumbling(怨言)that   the operators take too much of the pie.    Endemol, the Netherlands-based production company behind “Big   Brother”, and many other reality TV shows has started building its own database of mobile-phone   users. The next step will be to establish direct billing relationships with   them, and bypass the operators (运营商).

  

Why has the   union of television and text message suddenly proved so successful? One   important factor is the availability of special four-, five- or six-digit   numbers, called “shortcodes” (简码).   Each operator controls its own shortcodes, and only relatively recently have   operators realised that it makes sense to co-operate and offer shortcodes   that work across all networks. The availability of such common shortcodes was   a breakthrough, says Lars Becker of Flytxt, a mobile-marketing firm, since   shortcodes are far easier to remember when flashed up on the screen.

  

The   operators' decision to co-operate in order to expand the market is part of a   broader trend, observes Katrina Bond of Analysys, a consultancy. Faced with a   choice between protecting their margins and allowing a new medium to emerge,   operators have always chosen the first. WAP (无线应用协议),a   technology for reading cut-down web pages on mobile phones, failed because   operators were reluctant to share revenue with content providers. Having   learnt their lesson, operators are changing their time. In France, one   operator. Orange, has even gone so far as to publish a rate card for   text-message revenue-sharing, a degree of transparency (透明度)that   would once have been unthinkable.

  

 

At a recent   conference organised by Van Dusseldorp & Partners,   Han Weegink of CMG, a firm that provides text-message infrastructure, noted   that all this is subtly changing the nature of television. Rather than   presenting content to viewers, an increasing number of programmes involve   content that reacts to the viewer's input. That was always the promise of   interactive TV, of course. Interactive TV was supposed to revolve around   fancy set-top boxes that plug directly into the television. But that approach   has a number of drawbacks, says Mr Daum. It is expensive to develop and test   software for multiple and incompatible types of set-top box, and the market   penetration, at 40% or   less, is lower than that for mobile phones, which are now owned by around 85% of   Europeans. Also, mobile-phone applications can be quickly developed and set   up. “You can get   to market faster, and with fewer grasping (贪婪的)   intermediaries,” says Mr   Daum. Providers of set-top box technology are adding text-messaging   capabilities to their products.

  

G

The success   of TV-related texting is a reminder of how easily an elaborate technology can   be unexpectedly overtaken by a simpler, lower-tech approach. It does not mean   that the traditional approach to interactive TV is doomed: indeed, it   demonstrates that there is strong demand for interactive services. People, it   seems, really do want to do more than just stare at the screen. If nothing   else, couch potatoes like to exercise their thumbs.

  

 

Questions 28-32

The reading passage has seven paragraphs, A-E

Choose the correct heading for paragraphs A-E from the list below.

Write the correct number, i-ix, in boxes 28-32 on your answer sheet.

List of Headings

i an existed critical system into operating in a new way

ii Overview of a fast growing business

iii profitable games are gaining more concerns

iv Netherlands takes the leading role

v a new perspective towards sharing the business opportunities

vi opportunities for all round prevalent applications

vii revenue gains and bonus share

viii the simpler technology prevails over complex ones

ix set-top box provider changed their mind

 

28  Paragraph A

29  Paragraph B

30  Paragraph C

31  Paragraph D

32  Paragraph E

 

Questions 33-35

Choose the correct letter, A, B, C or D.

Write your answers in boxes 33-35 on your answer sheet.

33  33.In Europe, a consultancy suggested that young audiences spend more money on:

A thumbing text message

B writing E-mail

C watching TV program

D talking through Mobile phones

 

34  What happened when some TV show invited audience to participate:

A get attractive bonus

B shows are more popular in Norway than in other countries

C change to invite them to the reality show

D their participation could change the result

 

35  Interactive TV change their mind of concentrating set-top box but switched to:

A increase their share in the market

B change a modified set-top box

C build an embedded message platform

D march into European market

Questions 36-40

Use the information in the passage to match the people (listed A-E) with opinions or deeds below. Write the appropriate letters A-F in boxes 36-40 on your answer sheet.

A Lars Becker Flytxt

B Katrina Bond of Analysys

C Endemol

D CMC

E mmO2

F Gartner

36 offer mobile phone message technology

37 earned considerable amount of money through a famous program

38 shortcodes are convenient to remember when turn up

39 build their own mobile phone operating applications

40 it is easy for people to send messages in an interactive TV

 

参考答案:

ii

vi

vii

i

v

A

D

C

D

E

A

C

F

(答案仅供参考)

题型难度及技巧分析

List of Headings 可以先做,注意看每段的首末句,中间部分快速翻译过去,配对题可以最后一个做,做别的题的时候可以顺便看一下配对题,比较节省时间。

 

 

 

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